Essay Competition

[IMPORTANT – FINAL SUBMISSION DATE WILL BE EXTENDED TO 29th JAN 2019]

INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE IN AN ESSAY COMPETITION – “WAR IS CRIME” AND “SCIENCE FOR PEACE”

PERDANA GLOBAL PEACE FOUNDATION (PGPF) & MAJALAHSAINS.COM

Preamble

The essay competition is a collaboration between Majalah Sains.Com and PGPF. It is align with UNESCO’s World Science Day for Peace and Development which falls on 10 November 2018. The organisers are reaching out to the public by opening 2 categories in which Essays can be written in Bahasa Malaysia or the English language.

War is essentially an evil thing. Its consequences are not confined to belligerent states alone, but affect the whole world. To initiate a war of aggression therefore, is not only an international crime, it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole.

– Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal 1946

Estimates of military and civilian casualties either deceased or wounded due to conflicts:

  • World War 1 – 35 million
  • World War 2 – 60 million
  • Korean War   – 1 million
  • Vietnam War – 3 million
  • Cambodia Conflict – 1.7 million
  • Rwanda Genocide – 1 million
  • Bosnia Genocide – 100,000
  • Iraq War – 1 million
  • Syria War – 500,000 to date

“A journey of a thousand miles begins with the first steps. We have taken many steps. Let us march forward in this struggle to achieve true civilisation, to criminalise war.”

Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, “Expose War Crimes – Criminalise War” 5 February 2007

“How can we claim to be civilised when we condone and legalise mass killings of men, women and children, the old and the sick as a solution to conflicts between Nations?”

Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, Imperial College, London 25 April 2008

Where are we in human civilisation when current global settings are moulded by what can be seen as “might is right” and “victors writes history”? In the past centuries, human civilisation has witnessed how science and technology has been exploited to wage war against conflicting parties, thus create separation and tension across different region and culture.

Weapon technologies have been commercialised and become the major highlight to showcase a nation’s strength, while chemical weapon can easily wipe out a population and recently autonomous drone technology being used to kill innocent people. It is important to understand that it is not science and technology but the person behind the creation that can make a difference, which in this case the focus is to promote global peace and harmony by using science & technology.

The categories are as follows:

First category (2500 words):

1st Prize Essay = RM 5,000

2nd Prize Essay = RM 3,000

3rd Prize Essay = RM 1,000

This category is open to University students and the public. PGPF operates by advocating one of our main objectives which is to CRIMINALISE WAR. Since inception, PGPF has taken many steps, thus how do we move forward in a world without aggression?

Second category  (1500 words):

1st Prize Essay = RM 2,000

2nd Prize Essay = RM 1,500

3rd Prize Essay = RM 1,000

This category is open to secondary school students where the theme is SCIENCE FOR PEACE. The essay should answer the question of how science can promote global peace & harmony.

JURY

Dr Chandra Muzaffar (Chairman)                        Prof Tan Sri Dzulkifli Abdul Razak (Chairman)

English           

Gurdial Singh Nijar

Dr Zulaiha Ismail

Malay

Prof. Dato. Dr Roslan Abd Shukor

 

Prof Madya Ir. Dr. Rosdiadee Nordin

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

FIRST CATEGORY

Entry is open to all Malaysian citizens aged 18 years old or higher before the closing date of the competition. Essay shall not be less than 2500 words, not inclusive of abstract, diagrams, tables of data, footnote, and bibliography or authorship declaration. Only one submission per person is allowed either in English or in Malay. Essay must not have been published prior to the competition and originally written solely by the author.

SECOND CATEGORY

Entry is open to all Malaysian secondary school students. Essay shall not be less than 1500 words, not inclusive of abstract, diagrams, tables of data, footnote, and bibliography or authorship declaration. Only one submission per person is allowed either in English or in Malay. Essay must not have been published prior to the competition and originally written solely by the author.

CRITERIA

Essays will be judged by the level of knowledge and understanding of the theme, the quality of argumentation, the structure, the quality, the writing style, and persuasive force.

Judges decisions are final.

SUBMISSION DATE

29th November 2018  (Will be extended to 29th Jan 2019) – Submission dateline

20th December 2018  (Will be extended to 20th Feb 2019) – Short-listed candidates notified

31th December 2018 (Will be extended to 3rd March 2019)  – Winners announcement

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES

  1. Submissions should be as softcopy in .doc or .docx format to the organiser email.
  2. The essay should be preceded with an abstract.
  3. Font type: Arial, Size: 12, Line spacing: 1.5, Footnote size: 10
  4. In the email submission, the author should give an undertaking statement that the essay sent have not been submitted for any other competition or publication.
  5. The author is also required to state his/her full name, address, contact number, and institution of learning (if attached to one as student, academics or staff)

NOTES

  1. The winning essays (and short-listed essays) will be published in the organisers’ websites. The whole or a portion of the essays can be used by the organisers for future publications.
  2. The author of the winning essays is the sole copyright holder of the essay while the organisers will hold the usage right to publish the content.